Information about other sexually transmitted infections

Kuvassa Hivpointin työntekijä ottaa seksitautinäytteen nielusta. Seksitaudit tulee testata oikeasta paikasta seksitavoista riippuen.

Page last reviewed 8.10.2020

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are very common. In Finland, an estimated 30,000 people get an STI every year. Both HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases are often asymptomatic, meaning you might not have any symptoms even if you have an STI. All kinds of sexually active people can get STIs. Having an STI doesn’t make a person bad or dirty. There is a lot of unnecessary shame associated with STIs. This can lead to unnecessary fear and to people not getting tested. Getting an STI is not the end of the world, it is just one thing that happens in life.

STIs are usually caused by a bacteria or a virus. Some STIs are more common than others. Sexually transmitted infections can be transmitted through vaginal or anal intercourse, oral sex, or anal licking when a condom or dental dam is not in use. In this section you will find more information on specific STIs, how they are transmitted, how they are tested and treated.

The symptoms of all STIs are treatable and most sexually transmitted infections are also curable. Testing and treatment of most STIs is free of charge in public health care in Finland. Only treatment of herpes and condyloma are not free. If you have had a situation where an STI could have transmitted, you should get tested for STIs. All sexually transmitted diseases may be asymptomatic or their symptoms may be minor.

If you get diagnosed with an STI, you need to tell your sexual partners to get tested too. During the medical treatment of the STI, you should not have sex. Even after your treatment, you need to wear a condom until you have been checked by your doctor again.

How can I prevent sexually transmitted infections?

There are different options for preventing STIs. Check out condoms, lubricants and oral protectors here. PrEP medication is effective in preventing HIV infections. More information about PrEP can be found here. For many, regular STI testing is a great way to take care of their sexual health. You decide!

Chlamydia

Risk of infection? Symptoms? Testing? Treatment?

Gonorrhoea

Risk of infection? Symptoms? Testing? Treatment?

Syphilis

Risk of infection? Symptoms? Testing? Treatment?

Condyloma (HPV)

Risk of infection? Symptoms? Testing? Treatment?

Genital herpes

Risk of infection? Symptoms? Testing? Treatment?

Hepatitis B and C

Risk of infection? Symptoms? Testing? Treatment?