Sexually Transmitted Infections
STIs are infectious diseases which are transmitted through sexual contact. STIs can be transmitted if vaginal fluids, semen or pre-ejaculation fluid comes in contact with the partner’s mucous membranes. STIs are caused by different viruses, bacteria and fungi.
Sex diseases may remain asymptomatic for years, but they can nevertheless be transmitted.
Left untreated, STIs can lead to various kinds of complications, such as infertility (both in men and women), different kinds of infections and joint problems. It is important to test and treat sex partners as well. An untreated STI always significantly increases the risk of HIV contagion.
The proper use of a condom is the only way to avoid STIs.
If you have had unprotected sex and you want to know whether you have an STI or if you have developed symptoms, get yourself tested.
It is recommended to wait a week after the risk situation, or three months in the case of hepatitis or HIV. Services within public health care are for the most part free of charge, and in some cases, treatments and medication as well.
STI tests are conducted at:
- health centres (free of charge)
- venereal disease outpatient clinics (free of charge)
- Finnish Student Health Service (free of charge)
- private clinics (subject to a charge) and within occupational health care
Condyloma (Genital Warts)